The Italian government will offer a 70% subsidy, capped at 500 euros, for people who buy a new bicycle or electric scooter or sign up to bike and scooter sharing services.
Source: dpa, Berlin (TNS)
The Italian government will offer a 70% subsidy, capped at 500 euros, for people who buy a new bicycle or electric scooter or sign up to bike and scooter sharing services.
The measure is part of a €55 billion support package for the Italian economy and aims to keep people from using their cars and public transport as the country recovers from the crisis surrounding the new coronavirus (Covid-19).
Fewer people will be able to take public transport because of social distancing regulations, De Micheli pointed out at a press conference with Foreign Press Association journalists.
The government is also looking into changing traffic laws to enable local authorities to create cycling paths more easily, De Micheli added. City representatives of the country’s capital, Rome, announced that it would create 150 kilometres of new cycling paths by September.
Krusevac, Serbia – winner of the EUROPEAN MOBILITY WEEK Award 2019 for larger municipalities
The Serbian city of Kruševac reportedly impressed the jury with its range of activities, underpinned by strong citizen participation and political support from the local government. DuringEUROPEAN MOBILITY WEEK2019, cars were restricted in the city streets, in the centre and in the suburbs. The face of the city was also said to be transformed, with the installation of new cycle paths, walkways, public squares, urban parks, benches and swings.
Smove.City wants to congratulate the winner and all the cities and towns that participated.
Karditsa, Greece – winner of the EUROPEAN MOBILITY WEEK Award 2019 for smaller municipalities
Karditsa impressed the jury with its use of promotional materials and partnerships to support sustainable mobility. During the EUROPEAN MOBILITY WEEK 2019, the city partnered with dozens of organisations including schools, music academies, government departments, police, fire brigade, civil society organisations and businesses, all of which were invited to participate in a week of mobility celebrations.
Brussels-Capital Region, Belgium – winner of the eighth Award for Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning (SUMP)
The Brussels-Capital Region sustainable mobility goals include having zero road traffic deaths by 2030, restricting car usage, reducing the speed limit to 30 kilometres per hour by 2021, and increasing the number of pedestrianised zones.
The jury was impressed by its approach to reaching these goals, which sees the city as an ‘ecosystem’. The city’s achievements are said to be underpinned by strong stakeholder outreach, impressive citizen participation, and the implementation of “superblocks”, an urban planning concept.
Covid-19 is pressuring cities to find alternatives to physical spacing requirements for public transport that allow safe use of buses, metros and trains. Travelling by car limits contagion risks and the steep drop in road traffic during lockdown has made driving a compelling choice for those still on the road.
However during the corona lockdown and after the lockdown many people have opted to walk and cycle – partly to avoid public transport, but partly also because walking and cycling are well-suited for travel during the pandemic. Both walking and cycling limit the risk of close contact and allow adjusting trajectories to avoid close passing. As many people seek to minimise travel distances, walking in the neighbourhood has replaced cross-city travel while cycling is an effective alternative for longer trips previously taken by public transport.
Other cities aim to create city- or region-wide networks of emergency cycling and pedestrian infrastructure that facilitate socially-spaced walking and cycling against the backdrop of decreased public transport use. Most of these measures are linked to longer-term objectives to manage car traffic and provide sustainable travel options for inhabitants.
Looking at the situation in China after the lockdown we see that there is a possibility that many people will feel uncomfortable travelling by public transport or sharing close quarters with drivers in taxis or ride-sourcing vehicles. These trips will have to be catered for with other travel options.
Absorbing these trips will not be trivial, as this simple calculation demonstrates: Anywhere from 5 to nearly 10 million daily trips are taken by metro and bus (excluding regional rail) in London, New York, Paris and Tokyo. If 30% of those trips were to be replaced by telework, 4 to 7 million trips per day would still have to be handled by public transport. Two to 3 million trips a day remain if 50% of those remaining trips are no longer taken in public transport.
In the short-term, that is an impossibly large number of trips for city streets to absorb if they are taken by car. In the longer term, cities that are designed to handle such an increase in traffic may not be able to deliver other outcomes related to safety, equity, access, environment and efficiency. Walking, cycling and other forms of light mobility are much more space-efficient and could help absorb this demand. Many urban trips are made over a relatively short-distance and could easily be walked, cycled and scooted. Electric propulsion and regional infrastructure also make longer-distance cycling or scootering possible.
Public authorities will have to adjust to a new environment in which travel options, preferences and behaviour will remain severely disrupted as long as the threat of Covid-19 persists. A major part of that adjustment will be the realisation that physically-spaced Corona lanes will be part of the new normal.
City owned bike share solutions such as Smove.City could be a great alternative to cities in their search to answer the high demand of mobility. What makes Smove.City different is that Smove.City provides a fleet management platform to the city, which gives the city access to real time data and the possibility for data analysis. This data analysis helps cities in understanding the movements in their city. Smove.City can also add current and other city owned vehicles into their platform. If you are a city that is interested in in this solution, you can visit www.smove.city for more information.
Sustainability is a huge topic at the moment and people are becoming more and more conscious of the decisions they are making in their day-to-day lives, as well as how they affect the planet. These changing behaviours have also spread as far as the commute, and we are starting to see some great changes in this regard.
A lot of people still choose to drive to work. However, this means that the roads at rush hour are full of cars, often with just one person inside. This problem is reduced in cities, where there are options for public transport such as buses, trains, subways and trams – but people still need to be aware of the CO2 emissions.
The below infographic demonstrates the differences between certain transport methods and the use of an electric bike and the results are staggering.
Even with the use of public transport, the average CO2 emissions per person is 89g per km for a bus and 70g per km for a train, and a car is even worse.
Electric bikes are an excellent, sustainable alternative to the daily commute as they help with rush hour traffic by reducing congestion, pollution and noise within cities and towns. They are also favoured by commuters over their conventional counterparts as the motor allows for a speedy commute to work with minimal effort involved, i.e. there is no need for a shower once you arrive at your desk.
An important element of cycling strategy development is defining a vision for a city that includes clear objectives and targets and supports the identification of cycling measures.
Vision– What should life be like in my city?
Objectives– What needs to be achieved to fulfil this vision?
Targets– How much effort is necessary?
Measures– What can be done?
Click on a city below to see the vision of each city.
“Budapest is a liveable, attractive capital city with a unique character and is a respected member of the European network of cities as the innovative economic and cultural centre of the country and the region”.
The transport system of Budapest should improve the competitiveness of the city and its region and contribute to a sustainable, liveable, attractive and healthy urban environment.
Liveable urban environment: Transport development, integrated into urban development by influencing transport needs and mode selection, reducing environmental pollution and enhancing equal opportunities
Safe, reliable and dynamic transport: The integrated development of transport modes through efficient organisation, stable financing and target-orientated development.
Cooperation in regional connections: the city’s transport system should support regional cooperation and strengthen economic competitiveness.
“To increase the share of sustainable modes to 80%, and to achieve a 10% share of cycling traffic by 2030”
Budapest Balázs Mór Plan / Budapest Transport Development Strategy [65% in 2014, 2% cycling modal share in 2018]
Improving cycling interoperability; A cyclist-friendly secondary road network; Developing zones with traffic calming and traffic restrictions; More public transport vehicles suitable for carrying bicycles; Operation and development of a public bicycle-sharing system; Extension of cycling services; Active awareness raising
Vision / Objective:
To improve the citizens’ quality of life through focussing on health, mobility, safety and the living environment.
To increase the share of cycling of all transport modes to 11 % and the rate of children cycling to school up to 25%.
To improve the accessibility of the cycling network. By the year 2027, the network should be located up to 500m from at least 75% of the residential houses and 200m from at least 75% of the public buildings.
To improve the cycling infrastructure within a 1 km radius of schools in order to increase the safety of children travelling to school.
To provide sufficient bicycle parking that meets local demand.
To increase the accessibility to therecreational trails) so that 80% of the paths connect the main cycling network at least from one side.
Development of a cycle track network.
Creating cycle parking spaces around the city and encouraging private organisations/businesses to provide bicycle parking.
Construction of public cycle parking in the city.
Encouraging private organisations/businesses to provide outdoor and sheltered cycle parking
The city has a strategy called ‘Strategy Gdańsk 2030 Plus’ and mobility is defined as one of its four priorities; “Mobility, and in particular active mobility, can become an important catalyst of a new attitude to the directions and factors of the city’s development”.
The city completed its SUMP plan in summer 2018. It is currently available on the Gdańsk city website:www.gdansk.pl/strategia
Development challenges have been defined, which indicate the inhabitants’ ambitions and aspirations:
“Increasing the share of public transport and pedestrian and bicycle traffic in the inhabitants’ travels”.
An operational programme supports the strategy by defining actions that are to be implemented in Gdańsk, focusing on 2023 time horizon. Objectives include
Improving the conditions for pedestrian and bicycle traffic.
Increasing the attractiveness of public transport.
Improving transport accessibility, within the city and between Gdańsk and other destinations
Promoting sustainable transport and active mobility
A selection of cycling related measures that have been listed in the operational programme (2023) include:
Construction of bicycle paths in accordance with the Bicycle Path System in Gdańsk, including high-speed bicycle paths according to the standards of the European Cyclists’ Federation
Creating new pedestrian and bicycle zone and extending the existing ones.
Modernization and repair of pavements, bicycle paths, and pedestrian and bicycle areas
Expansion of parking infrastructure for bicycles, including creating safe and functional bicycle parking places at interchanges.
Creating a metropolitan public bicycle system.
Implementation of projects to encourage employers to create conditions favourable for employees to commute by bicycle to work.
“Walking, cycling and public transport are the first choice for all who work, live or visit in Malmö. These travel choices, together with efficient and environmentally friendly freight and car traffic, are the basis of the transport system in our dense and sustainable city – a transport system designed for the city, and for its people.”
A more accessible and attractive Malmö for more people. […] Malmö is to become a socially, environmentally and economically sustainable city to visit, live and work in.
A denser city – higher concentration of people and functions in a growing city.
An integrated city – providing service functions in a denser city
A city with short distances – an accessible city for more people bridging barriers between different urban zones socially and physically
A greener city for recreational purposes and pollution mitigation
To increase cycling modal share for inhabitants from 22 % in 2013 to 22 % in 2020. To increase public transport modal share for inhabitants from 21 % in 2013 to 25% in 2020.
To increase cycling modal share for commuting to Malmö from 3 % in 2013 to 5 % in 2020. To increase public transport modal share for commuting to Malmö from 33 % in 2013 to 45 % in 2020.
(From the local cycling strategy 2012-2019)
Strengthen Malmö’s profile as a cycling city (including campaigns, actions for different target groups like companies and schools; maps; apps and the bicycle sharing system)
Measures to increase safety and comfort (lighting, road service, surface materials, symbols, restrictions to cars or mopeds)
Larger infrastructural measures (cycling network classification, improvement of infrastructure, new cycling lanes, contra-flow lanes, cycling adapted roads, signposting)
Small infrastructural measures (green light timing at traffic lights, cycling boxes and pumps, wind protection, handles)
Actions for improved parking (Bike and Ride, parking at large transport hubs, e-charging points, event parking)
Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan – creating a more accessible Malmö, published 2016
Smart cities, digital cities, virtual cities, connected cities. Are these just trendy buzzwords? Perhaps. But these types of cities are supported by infrastructure that is more than bricks and mortar.
These cities are smart (thoughtful, people-centric), digital (driven by data acquisition, measured, analysed and sometimes exchanged) and virtual (experiential). And, as a result, they are connected, creating more potential interactions between people and their place.
However, Tel Aviv’s standing is not only built on commercial success — it has an internationally recognised local government.Winning first placein the 2014 World Smart City Awards not only boosted its profile on the international stage, but Tel Avivians, well, they actually have positive things to say about their local government.
A city that decided to change
This was not always the case. Municipal leaders had to do something to change how the community perceived them.
In 2011, the municipality organised focus groups with residents, heard their complaints and listened to what they said they needed. The municipality realised it needed to change the way it engaged with citizens. A cultural shift was needed, an internal one, to deliver an intelligent and active municipality.
Tel Aviv, like Detroit, is an urban laboratory; a test-bed for city projects that combine public and private efforts, startups and university centres. As Israel’s leading business centre, its main priorities are supporting high-tech companies and startups. Located in a geopolitically contentious region, challenges faced by Tel Aviv residents over the years have also driven a new wave of urban administration — emphasising transparency, trust and local government led by residents.
Club. DigiTel card holders have access to a personalised web and mobile platform that provides residents with individually tailored, location-specific services delivered via email, text messages and personal resident accounts.
It’s the brainchild of Zohar Sharon, chief knowledge officer of Tel Aviv Municipality. In a recent interview, he told me: “As a result of what we learned from the focus groups and unique knowledge-management processes in the municipality, we now have over 200 municipality staff from different departments, called knowledge champions, who feed data into the DigiTel platform.”
Daily updates inform residents about: road closures in their area, registering for school, local events, development or heritage conservation proposals requiring feedback, community greening initiatives, recycling, and invitations to public surveys. The card also gives residents access to discounted rentals of beach equipment, theatre and movie tickets, car-share rentals, and a variety of other services.
DigiTel isn’t just one-way communication. Users tell the municipality what is happening in their area. They can feed back information about, for example, broken city signage or playground fixtures needing attention.
The municipality sees the community members as having “wisdom”: they are the most informed about what is happening in their local area.
Since starting as a pilot in 2013 the DigiTel Residents Club has spread citywide. It has almost 200,000 registered users (who must be aged 13 or older) – over 60% of the eligible population.
We must understand that when we are talking about ‘smart cities’ we must think first about the city’s residents and how we can use smart tools to improve their quality of life. The local municipality must adopt a citizens-centric approach and deliver by push-tailored information and services to citizens, implementing a holistic approach, breaking silos and thinking about citizens’ actual needs.
Today, because of our practice, we can see a tremendous change in the participation of residents in various community activities, greater involvement in city life and greater satisfaction from Tel Aviv municipal services.
The platform has expanded to include Digi-Dog for dog owners and Digi-Tuf (tuf meaning young children in Hebrew) for parents of children up to the age of three.
In India, Thane – one of the cities included in the Smart City Mission announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2015 – has launched DigiThane, with help from Sharon.
What can other cities learn from this?
To be a smart city is to know your people, know what they want, and know what they need. And you know what they need because they told you.
Many councils throughout Australia are under pressure to have a smart city strategy. Perhaps the way to become smart is to start small. This may not require reinventing the wheel, but really just sitting down and listening to what people need and figuring out how to deliver in the most economical and sustainable way.
As Sharon says:
We didn’t create the technology — it was already being used by the commercial sector — we just adapted the technology to make it work for the public sector.